All about Agile Testing

January 21, 2021

About Agile Testing?

Agile testing is a software testing practice that follows the principles of agile software development. Agile is nothing but an iterative development methodology, where the requirements evolve through collaboration between the customer and self-organizing teams and agile aligns development with customer needs.

The History of Agile

At present, the term Agile is a well-known methodology of development and the preferred approach by various development teams. With the term Agile, high level of collaboration and flexibility along with providing an iterative environment that evolves with the changing needs. Owing to this Agile is often termed as an approach that helps in development across various industries and delivers faster features.

However, questions like what is the history of Agile entail? Will we be able to better understand the methodology and its impact after understanding the history? The traditional method of requirement gathering was a time-consuming process.

Difference Between Agile Testing and Traditional Testing:

Sr. NoTraditional TestingAgile Testing
1.Testing happens post completions of development. Here the development and testing phases are entirely independent of each otherTesting is a continuous activity that happens throughout the development process. Development and testing are done parallelly.
2Developers and testers work independently without much collaboration.Agile testing promotes cross-functional setups allowing testers and developers to work together and develop quality products.
3Testers are not a part of the requirement gathering phase.The testers are involved in the requirement gathering phase. This helps in creating test cases in advance.
4Regression testing is only conducted at the end of the development process.Supports running of regression testing as per addition of the new feature.
5Time spent is more on development and testing phases.Due to parallel operations of development and testing, less time is taken.

The Benefits of Agile Test Methodology:

1. Agile testing improves product quality and enables development teams to release software on shorter cycles. And effective test case management helps Agile testers.

2. Users will find and fix errors faster. thus lowering the risk of finding a bug at the very end of testing — and missing a deadline.

3. You will make customers happy by delivering regular releases. thus improving customer retention rates.

4. The scope of each release is managed by owners That helps to prioritize features for each iteration and deliver the most important ones first.

5. Time saved and execution faster team interaction Being able to deliver the right product with high quality, using frequent feedback.

6. Understanding the strengths & weaknesses of processes, and the business value.

7. Alignment and streamlining of processes between several R&D centers.

8. Efficient ways for professionals to work together in a dispersed team.

QA Challenges with Agile Testing:

1. Requirement changes and updates are inherent in an agile method, becoming the biggest challenge for QA.

2. Chances of error are more in agile, as documentation is given less priority, eventually puts more pressure on the QA team.

3. Various new features are introduced quickly, thus reducing the time available for test teams to evaluate if the latest features are as per the requirement and do it truly addresses the business needs.

4. Testers are often required to play a semi-developer role.

5. Test execution cycles are highly compressed.

6. Very less time to prepare test plan.

7. Easy to implement PLAN DO CHECK ACT.

Agile Testing Life Cycle:

Here are how the Agile Testing teams apply Agile Testing methodologies to deliver a quality and working product in the end.

Agile Testing Process Workflow

1. Sprint Planning:

A sprint is a pre-decided time within which the team working on the project needs to complete a user story. Before a sprint starts, various product owners, developers, and testers come together to discuss and conclude the final deliverables at the end of each sprint.

2. Building a Test Case Design:

The testing team works along with the development team while building a user story. Testing team is responsible for developing of test case designs.

3. Testing:

Once the development team completes the user story, the testing team takes over— to perform quality check on the software. The developers and testers work together to execute testing in an agile environment.

4. values of Agile:

Agile has 4 core values:

A) working software instead of comprehensive documentation.

B) Individuals and interactions over processes and tools.

C) Customer collaboration over contract negotiation.

D) Responding to change by following a plan.

Principle of Agile Testing:

1. The outmost priority is customer satisfaction by early and continuous delivery of valuable software.

2. Adopt any new requirement in the later stages of development. With Agile process changes as per customer requirement is easily possible.

3. Deliver working software frequently. Be it couple of weeks, months, or shorter timescale they

4. Together the Business people and developers must work throughout the project.

5. Build the projects around the motivated individuals. Provide an environment and necessary support and trust them to complete the job.

6. The trusted and effective way of sharing information within a development team

7. Working software is the primary measure of the progress.

8. Agile the processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers and the user should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely.

9. Giving continuous attention to ensure technical excellence and ready to design enhance agility.

10. Simplicity is essential and the art of the maximising the amount of the work not done—is necessary.

11. The best architectures, requirements, and the design of emerging from the self-organizing the teams.

12. At the regular of intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then and adjusts its behaviour accordingly.

Understanding Background of Continuous Agile Testing:

The process of continuous testing is executing testing as part of the software delivery. Also to obtain instant feedback on the business risk associated with software release candidates as rapidly as possible. Shift-Left Testing

The Shift Left testing works on the ‘test early and often’ mantra. It works on performing the testing at the initial stages of lifecycle. However, the shift Right approach in DevOps testing enables you to test in production, and prepare for the unknown, undefined, and unexpected.

With the timeline of agile implementations across various Agile and DevOps methods, high collaboration among teams is required. Numerous developers are involved in a testing cycle right from the initial stages. Earlier, testing was happening in intervals and the testers had to wait for the complete product before finding bugs and glitches.

Shift-Left Testing:

Here the testing begins in parallel to the development. A few reasons to adopt the Shift-Left testing approach:

Improved design: With continuous Shift-Left testing and grueling brainstorming sessions, bottlenecks, roadblock areas, and failures can be identified in advance.

Bugs are fixed early: Have you ever stopped to think how often organizational executives admitted that they “should have” dealt with a particular issue at the initial stages, we realize the importance of Shift-Left testing.

Massive time and effort saved: Shift-left testing works towards improving efficiency and increase in quality.

Shift-Right Testing:

While is important and highly recommended to being testing early in the application lifecycle it is not enough. It is equally significant to obtain user feedback continuously take shift-right testing approach

A few reasons to adopt the Shift-Right testing approach:

· More scope for automation: It is a known fact that automation saves time, it is plain and simple. During the development of patches and features into an application, automating major parts and if possible the whole process saves a lot of time.

· High test coverage: A Shift-Right approach to testing gives the test engineers opportunity to test more, test on-time, and test late.

· Enhancing customer experience: Customer issues and concerns are effectively collected.

How agile testing can change your business strategies:

Agile values people, collaboration, working solutions, and change. An agile testing team values focus on being agile instead of being perfect, they work towards release and before time delivery to get feedback and improve in case of any issues. . They deliver and responsive as markets and customers change and evolve.

Conclusion:

Adopting agile methodology in software testing involves testing at the initial stages of the software development lifecycle. It involves more customer involvement and testing code as soon as it becomes available. A stable code should be present to take it to system testing. With the help of Extensive regression testing fixing bugs and testing is possible.

About the Author:

This blog is written by Prasad Hiwale. He has 6 years of professional experience in both manual and automation API. Prasad handles the various requirements from scratch and is a part of the overall process of Business analysis and test functional and non-functional aspects. A certified scrum master and he has hands-on working experience with API automation using rest assured as well as in selenium automation testing. He is certified in more than 8 global certifications and is implementing the same across project testing practices.